Graft to shield or graft to bud

Graft to shield or graft to bud


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Graft to shield or graft to bud


The gem graft, also known as the shield graft, is based on the assumption that the buds that form on the buds that grow in spring, in summer enter in retirement until the following spring and in that period they are easily usable to pick up scions.
Choose for this task branches of a year, healthy and of medium strength, taken from plants neither old nor young: the first could give rise to a stunted development, while those taken by young plants could delay the entry into production. As soon as the branches are harvested, remove the leaves but leave the stalk, then if you do not use the branches immediately, keep them in a cool, damp place wrapped in wet rags. Then when you use the scions dip the base in water for a few hours. The graft to shield, also called to dormant gem or to T, is performed in the late summer and consists in the insertion of the gem under the bark of a branch. To do this it is necessary that the bark is raised easily, so choose a period in which the vegetative activity is at its maximum. Possibly you can stimulate through some irrigations. Depending on the plant that you will have to graft, the time of the operation will also vary: usually it proceeds first with the plum tree, then with the pear tree, then the cherry tree, the peach tree and finally the almond tree. The rootstock plant is prepared on the branch of a young plant, after having removed all the closest shoots, but it can also be done on the branch of an adult plant, always on condition that the bark is raised easily.