Description of the variety of garlic Polesie souvenir, features of cultivation and care

Description of the variety of garlic Polesie souvenir, features of cultivation and care


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Garlic is one of the most popular agricultural crops in the world, it has been known since ancient times and is grown in most countries. It is used in cooking, using both raw and dried as a seasoning, and even in medicine, due to its antiseptic properties. Today in the world there are many varieties of garlic, designed for different planting times, the size of the future vegetable and taste. We will talk about one of the new varieties in this article.

Description of the variety

This variety was bred in Belarus in 2008, initially it was used only for industrial needs, since harvesting could be carried out using special equipment. Over time, it penetrated into the regular consumer market and was warmly received by gardeners.

Garlic leaves have a rich green color with parallel veins. Their width is about three centimeters, in height they can reach up to sixty centimeters. The garlic shoot splits into ten leaves. The average weight of the head is 100-150 grams, inside there are usually 6 teeth of a purple hue, and the husk is pinkish. The taste is spicy, the density of the pulp is average.

The growing season of this variety ranges in duration from 90 to 100 days. It perfectly tolerates even severe frosts and has an incredible yield. Usually more than 97 percent of the planted crop emerges. When planted on an industrial scale, about twelve tons per hectare is harvested, which is also an impressive figure. You can store it from six months to eight months in the right conditions.

Growing

Polesie garlic is a winter variety, that is, you need to take care of planting in the fall. Such varieties are usually larger and more valuable than spring varieties. The whole process can be divided into three stages: seed preparation, soil preparation and, directly, planting.
We will now highlight each stage in detail.

Stage one: seed preparation

To achieve maximum taste and yield, preparation should be started ten days before planting. First, soak the cloves in a special preparation, which can be found in horticultural departments and shops. This preparation will provide initial immunity to garlic, protect it from parasites, rot and fungi immediately after planting. After 2–3 hours, remove and spread at some distance from each other on the newspaper to dry.

For those who constantly live in a country house or in a private house, it will be convenient to spread newspapers on the veranda, and city dwellers can use the balcony, or secluded places that pets cannot get to.

Over the next ten days, it is important to maintain the temperature no higher than fifteen degrees and low humidity, this is necessary for the garlic to get used to the temperature regime. The teeth, ready for planting, must be dry, without traces of spoilage, mold or other imperfections.

Stage two: soil preparation

Experienced gardeners recommend planting garlic of the Polessky souvenir variety on the beds that are freed after tomatoes, cucumbers or green peas. The second good option is the earth after cabbage, pumpkin or zucchini. The soil that remains after these crops is fertilized and loaded with beneficial organic components, which will help with growth.

Do not use the area previously allocated for potatoes or onions for planting, due to many similar diseases there is a risk of ruining all plantings.

Garden areas that were fertilized with manure less than a year ago are also best avoided if you want to get juicy and dense garlic, the manure will only contribute to the growth of tops. If possible, measure the acidity of the soil in different parts of the garden with a special device. For garlic, choose a corner with low acidity, facing a sunny, southern place.

At the end of August, closer to the time of planting, you need to fertilize the soil. Here's what you need for 1 square meter of area:

  1. humus - 10 kg;
  2. potassium sulfate - 2 tbsp. spoons;
  3. ash - 200 g;
  4. chalk - 1 glass;
  5. superphosphate - 1 tbsp. the spoon.

Mix all ingredients and spread evenly over the selected area. Then dig it to the depth of the shovel (about 20 centimeters).

The next day, you can start forming the beds. Plan the area so that the width is 90-100 cm and the height is 25 cm. Now you need to give the earth some time to shrink. If the process moves slowly, sprinkle the future garden with water several times or leave this work to rain.

Some believe that the earth should not be given time to shrink and plant immediately. This is wrong, because the garlic is too deep and takes more time and resources to germinate, which reduces the yield.

Stage three: disembarkation

On the marked bed, make holes ten centimeters apart. The depth should be up to 15 centimeters. We push the cloves into the holes and sprinkle with earth. Further, it is necessary to mulch the beds, for this use, for example, fallen leaves. If you live in the southern regions, you can skip this step.

Seedling care

The first condition for a good harvest is complete care. As soon as the first shoots appear, three procedures will need to be carried out regularly:

1) Loosening. Here it is important to loosen not only the topmost soil layer, but go deeper by 3-4 centimeters. This is necessary so that the high humidity does not destroy the fruits under the hard earthen crust.
2) Watering. Depending on the amount of precipitation in the region, adjust the frequency and abundance yourself. Do not allow it to dry out for a long time, this can ruin the plants.
3) Top dressing and fertilization. We live in an age of abundance, and every gardening store has a large selection of fertilizers for every vegetable. Just remember to do it in a timely manner.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Advantages:

  1. Large fruits.
  2. High productivity.
  3. It tolerates frost well.

Disadvantages:

  1. Requires careful preparation, care and fertilization.
  2. Vulnerable to diseases and pests.

Pests and diseases

Garlic often becomes a victim of pests and a target for diseases; Polesie souvenir is no exception. Here are the main problems that a summer resident may face.
Pests:

Stem nematoda

It looks like a small, less than 1.5 mm, white worm, but can quickly destroy the entire crop. More often found on clay soils. Juices are sucked out of plants, after which they dry up and die. If you are struck by this attack, use special drugs to combat them. It will not be possible to plant garlic on the site for another 4 years, because the nematode hibernates in the soil and wakes up again with the arrival of heat.

Onion mite

It gets to the garden bed together with the infected seed. Therefore, it is so important to carefully examine them before planting. You can prevent it from entering if you prepare the prongs for planting in the manner indicated above. If he is already in the garden, it will be difficult to deal with him, most likely the fruits will rot.

Four-legged tick

It is more often found on spring varieties, but does not disdain winter varieties. Ticks dig in and suck out the sap from the plant, but the main danger is that it is a carrier of diseases.

Diseases

Rust

It manifests itself as rusty or reddish spots on the leaves; with a strong spread, it can completely capture the arrows. It is often found in all regions of Russia.

Black mold

At first it causes the appearance of yellowish spots, which soon become covered with dark spores. It can be found more often on weakened plants and in high humidity.

Fusarium

Revealed by brown stripes on the leaves. With severe neglect, the leaf completely turns brown. The roots die almost immediately upon infection. The source of infection is soil.

Harvesting and storage

The garlic is harvested in mid-July. Dried indoors or on the veranda for about a week, then stored in a dry and dark place for up to 8 months.

Testimonials

Polesie souvenir, despite its short existence on the agricultural crops market, receives wonderful reviews from summer residents. Its size, yield and taste outweigh the need for such careful preparation and maintenance.


Watch the video: Selecting Garlic Varieties


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