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Pigeon lovers breed many different breeds, among which the Turkish fighting pigeons stand out. They are also called takla. In translation, this word means "somersault", and they were nicknamed "fighting" for their specific flight. Birds beat their wings in the air, which is accompanied by special sounds. They are called "fight", hence the colorful unusual epithet - "fighting pigeons".
These birds are native to East Asia, but the most famous and widespread became in Turkey, hence their name. Active breeding in this country has led to the fact that now Turkish pigeons are popular in dozens of countries. Breeding and selection began under the Seljuks. Wandering, they settled on the territory of present-day Turkey, bringing with them not only culture, but also breeds of animals and birds. Among them were the founders of the takla.
The first information about birds dates back to 1055, and in 1071 they became known in Europe. The nobility bred Turkish pigeons for fun, and the sultans used beautiful and unusually flying birds as gifts for crowned heads. So takla pigeons gradually conquered the whole world.
Description and breed characteristics
Takla pigeons belong to turmans, that is, to a variety that is capable of tumbling in the air during flight. The name itself indicates this specific feature, emphasizing that these birds not only "beat" through the air, but also turn over.
The following suits of Turkish pigeons are found:
- Gray, or gray.
Birds can stay in the air for up to 10 hours. Takla are slender graceful birds with a small head, straight long neck and well-developed flying muscles. The eyes of pigeons are dark with light eyelids and prominent protruding superciliary arches. The beak is pale pink, small, the legs are pubescent, the feathers are folded so that they resemble lace pants. Depending on how the feathers are located on the head, they form an original forelock, which gave rise to several "forelock" varieties of pigeons.
Pros and cons of the breed
The representatives of the Takla breed have the following features:
An original way of flying.
Great orientation in space.
Sharp mind and quick wits.
Ability to perform tricks in the air.
The female can lay eggs throughout the year.
Relative rarity of purebred birds.
The need to pay much attention to the upbringing, training and education of Turkish pigeons.
The need to maintain cleanliness in the dovecote, drinkers and feeders.
Birds need a nutritious, balanced diet.
Turkish takla pigeons are the national pride of Turkey, therefore purebred birds are reluctantly exported to other countries.
Nuances of content
Takla pigeons are demanding on the cleanliness of the dovecote, drinking water and freshness of food. If the owner does not take care of making a nest for them, the couple will create it themselves in the place where they see fit. But in this case, it will no longer be possible to move the nest - the birds will stubbornly rush where they decided for the first time. Therefore, the arrangement of housing for Turkish pigeons should be done in advance.
How to train a taklu?
Only an experienced specialist can teach all the intricacies of a nestling of a Turkish pigeon, therefore, it is recommended for novice flight enthusiasts to take already adult birds "with experience." Study and training are complex and multifaceted, as they require a lot of time, effort and perseverance. It takes up to 3 or even 5 years to get the first noticeable successes, so this path is a job for a true tackle enthusiast and connoisseur.
Turkish pigeons are distinguished by good memory, quick wit and intelligence. Birds begin to learn at the age of 6 weeks, after they acquire "adult" plumage. During molting, training is stopped.
An important prerequisite for learning is getting used to the owner, housing and the take-off site. It is also necessary to develop a certain signal by which the bird will return.
The first training sessions last no more than half an hour. At this time, the bird should not sit down in order to form the skill and the association: "taking out to the platform = flying". Adults are trained first, and then adolescents. They must land at the same time. Experienced older pigeons can teach young animals by example. Before training, Turkish pigeons are fed with light food, in volume not exceeding a third of the total daily diet.
The main rule is not to breed takla with representatives of any other breeds. Such a breeding method is not suitable for this breed, as it leads to a complete loss of the specific qualities of Turkish pigeons, for which they are valued.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The second rule is to buy pigeons only from trusted breeders who can guarantee the purity of the blood.
The third rule is not to pursue external beauty. With this breed, things are like this: the brighter and more beautiful outwardly the bird, the worse and inexpressive it flies. A simple gray tackle can be a unique record holder in its specialization.
Turkish takla pigeons are demanding on nutrition. It is seasonal for them: in the summer they give more millet and crushed barley, and in the cold season, cereals are mixed proportionally, in equal doses. Adult birds are fed twice a day, after eating, feeders with food leftovers are removed, since the purity of food and water is important for health.
The chicks feed on yolk for the first three days, like the offspring of other birds. Then they are transferred to a mash of steamed compound feed mixed with whey or skim milk. The initial dose for one chick per day is 15 grams. By the end of the month, the portion increases to 30 grams.
Takla pigeons need fine gravel for grinding food, as well as vitamins and minerals. They are given in the form of special mixtures, fresh grass is added to the feed. When molting, fish oil or vegetable oil is added to food - this contributes to the growth of healthy smooth plumage.
Diseases and prevention
Turkish Takla pigeons can get sick, so it is important to monitor their behavior and appearance. If the bird refuses food, water, looks disheveled, unkempt, this should cause alarm. A sick pigeon should be isolated and contacted by a veterinarian.
Also, dangerous signs are frequent heartbeat, wheezing, fever.
The most common diseases in Turkish pigeons are:
- Salmonellosis. It is manifested by seals under the skin, stools with blood, joint damage, death of embryos in eggs, sterility of birds.
- Coccidiosis. Symptoms include lethargy, bloody diarrhea, paralysis, retraction of the head, weight loss.
- Trichomoniasis. This disease is accompanied by bloating, diarrhea with a strong unpleasant odor, glued plumage, weakness, lethargy, and gasping for breath due to blocked throat.
- Paramyxovirus. With this disease, the bird becomes nervous, fearful, it drinks a lot. Loose stools appear, paralysis develops, which causes the pigeon's neck to wrap up.
In addition to infections, birds suffer from joint lesions, especially wings, malformed plumage, emaciation, obesity, eye and ear diseases. To reduce the risk of losing expensive Turkish pigeons, it is necessary to maintain cleanliness in the dovecote, aviary and nests, disinfect not only the premises, but also the feeders and drinkers. The purity and quality of the food also affects the health of the takl.