Description and characteristics of the lingonberry apple variety, what are the subspecies and regions of growth

Description and characteristics of the lingonberry apple variety, what are the subspecies and regions of growth


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The Lingonberry apple tree is a tree that can be grown at home. Also suitable for large-scale planting in large areas. The plant is unpretentious, easy to care for. But, besides the advantages, it also has some disadvantages. Nevertheless, the variety has become widespread in all regions of Russia.

Description and features

The Lingonberry variety blooms in mid-May and ripens in late summer, mid-to-late August. It was bred in Moscow during the pollination of an apple tree Slava Winners with an unknown variety. For the first time, a description of this variety was put forward by A.V. Petrov in the 70s of the XX century.

It was taken out for cultivation in the Central regions of Russia. However, the variety has excellent taste, is unpretentious, resistant to temperature extremes. Therefore, they began to grow it in other regions as well.

The plant produces large oblong fruits. The average weight of one apple is 100 g. Apples are light cream with bright red blotches. The pulp is very firm, sweet and juicy. Suitable for fresh consumption or for preparing compote.

Main characteristics

Before planting a plant at home, it is recommended to study its characteristics. This will allow you to find out what yield, size, winter hardiness the plant has.

Dimensions (edit)

Apple trees of this variety are undersized, dwarf. Therefore, their height is small - 2-3 m, trees are developing at a slow pace. Crohn medium thickened, requires pruning. The branches are thin, but stable.

Yield

The plant is quite fruitful. But in the first years of life, the tree bears a small amount of fruit. The tree gives its first fruits already for 2-3 years of life. The peak yield is observed at the age of 7-8 years. Gardeners collect up to 150 kg of apples from one apple tree.

The frequency of fruiting

The fruits ripen unevenly, gradually. Therefore, they have to be collected in 2-3 doses. Harvesting begins at the end of August and continues until mid-September. Ripe apples should have a reddish yellow color. Ripe fruits often crumble on their own, so it is quite easy to collect them.

Winter hardiness

The plant is characterized by high frost resistance. It does not freeze and does not die even in severe frosts. But to protect the roots, it is recommended to mulch them. And it is better to cover young branches with burlap.

Disease resistance

This variety is susceptible to scab development. Especially often it is affected during the rainy season. On diseased fruits, black dots appear that protrude above the surface of the skin.

In order to avoid the appearance of this fungal disease, it is necessary to spray trees in the spring with special antiseptic compounds.

Also, in the absence of proper care, fruit rot and cytosporosis can develop. Also, the plant is often affected by pests. Often snails, caterpillars, aphids parasitize on it. Therefore, apples become wormy, their appearance deteriorates. To avoid this, you need to properly care for the plants.

Advantages and disadvantages

The plant has the following advantages over other varieties:

  • It gives the first harvest very quickly. After 2-3 years, the first apples appear on the tree.
  • High yields. Up to 150 kg of fruit can be harvested from one apple tree.
  • Getting crops regardless of weather conditions. The plant produces the same amount of fruit in both dry and rainy summers.
  • Winter hardiness. Apple trees do not freeze. Even if some branches freeze, they will need to be removed in the spring, after which the tree will quickly recover.
  • Beautiful fruits. They have a good presentation, are firm, and attract buyers.
  • Low trees. The advantage of dwarf varieties is that they are easy to prune, so caring for them is much easier.
  • Versatility. The fruits can be used to prepare preparations for the winter or consumed fresh.

The most significant drawback is weak immunity, which is why the plant is exposed to frequent diseases. Lingonberry also has poor keeping quality, so it is recommended to eat apples before December-January. They do not serve well for transportation, and are severely injured on the road.

What are the subspecies?

The apple tree Lingonberry refers to dwarf plants. However, it can also be grown as a columnar. To do this, they are grafted onto super-dwarf rootstocks, after which a crown is formed in the form of a column.

Dwarf

On a dwarf rootstock, the tree has an overlying arrangement of horses; the height of this type of apple trees does not exceed 2 meters. It is recommended to form the crown of this species in tiers, then the culture will develop well.

Columnar

The advantages of this subspecies include:

  • Small trees, making them easy to cover for the winter.
  • Rapid fruiting - already in the second, and sometimes in the first year of planting.
  • An excellent solution for small areas, as you can plant as many trees as possible.

Of the shortcomings, it is distinguished that a very short period of fruiting - after 15 years, the culture should be changed.

Distribution regions

The plant is widespread in the South-Central regions of Russia. It is grown in the Tver, Vladimir, Yaroslavl regions. Recently, the variety has become widespread in the Volga-Vyatka region.


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