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Peony is a culture that is grown in any garden, the Red Grace variety has dense red buds. The plant tolerates low temperatures, with proper care, blooms within 3 weeks after bud formation.
Description and features
The plant has large dark red flowers. Inflorescences of uniform color, flower diameter reaches 18 cm. The bud is dense, opens gradually. The Red Grace peony is widely used for cultivation. The plant is tall, reaching a height of 1.2 meters, spreading bushes. Leaves are dark green, delicate.
Features of the plant:
- the petals on the inflorescence are round, the bud is in the form of a hemisphere;
- the first color appears in the second year after planting in the ground;
- the smell of the plant is pleasant, underdeveloped;
- the plant is winter-hardy and can withstand low temperatures.
The flowers retain their attractive characteristics for a long time.
Important. The plant has high stems, therefore it is recommended to carry out a garter to reduce the risk of damage to the bush during flowering.
This type of plant belongs to hybrids. It first appeared in 1980 as a result of the use of two varieties P. Lactiflora and P. Officinalis. The plant has repeatedly received awards and is considered the most beautiful species of peony.
In order for the peony to please with its abundant color, the peculiarities of planting and caring for the crop should be observed.
When choosing a location, preference should be given to illuminated areas. Sunlight should hit the plant for at least 7 hours a day. Also, the site must be protected from wind and drafts. Avoid planting the plant near trees and houses.
The culture prefers a light type of soil, rich in nutrients. Before planting, you must first prepare the nutrient mixture by mixing in equal proportions:
The resulting composition is mixed with soil in a 1: 2 ratio, and a peony is planted.
This type of flowers should be planted in the soil in mid-August or September. The fall period allows the roots to adapt to the new soil and to cope with the winter more easily. Crops can be planted in the spring after the soil has warmed up, but such a seedling is often prone to disease.
To plant a peony in open ground, you must first prepare holes up to 70 cm deep and leave for several days.
Then you need to perform the following action:
- add fertilizer to the holes;
- put drainage, you can use pebbles or chips;
- seedlings must be chosen with 2-3 buds;
- place in the well and sprinkle gently with the nutrient mixture.
After the hole is filled up, it is necessary to compact the soil and water it with warm water.
Proper care will speed up the development of the plant and reduce the risk of pests.
The plant prefers moist soil, so it is necessary to water the shrubs every 4-5 days. One bush takes up to 10 liters of water. However, if it rains, watering is not carried out, as excessive moisture provokes root damage.
Loosening and weeding
The soil must contain a sufficient amount of oxygen, so the loosening process is imperative. It is necessary to loosen the soil a day before watering, this will keep the soil airy. Weeding is carried out as needed, it is recommended to remove the weed by hand so as not to harm the plant.
In order for the plant to bloom profusely, in the third year after planting, top dressing must be applied. Peony requires regular feeding, otherwise the buds can be small in size.
Fertilizers such as phosphorus and nitrogen are applied. Such additives will promote a lush bloom. You can also use a solution of chicken manure in the spring to strengthen the stems and reduce the risk of disease in the spring.
In the process of bud formation, the most often used substance is "Kemira-Kombi", which contains complex elements necessary for the development of culture.
Used as a top dressing potassium and phosphorus. It is applied by the root method during irrigation.
Potassium-phosphorus fertilizing is introduced in order to strengthen the root system for the winter period.
It is also recommended to add humus to the soil in the fall, which will serve not only as a fertilizer, but also as a heater.
Diseases and pests
Peonies are resistant to disease. However, improper care very often leads to problems.
This problem arises most often with frequent watering. The first symptoms of the disease are wilting of the bush and the absence of buds. Leaves become dull with yellow spots. Gradually, the shoots of the bush become covered with a gray bloom and die. For treatment, it is necessary to remove the damaged area of the culture and carry out the treatment with Bordeaux liquid.
Such a pest can appear at any period of culture development, but most often in mid-spring and summer. Small insects feed on the sap of the crop and lead to the death of leaves and shoots. To remove the pest, you can use a solution of laundry soap or a preparation "Fitoverm" for spraying.
A common problem with peonies. The ants attack the buds and feed on the sweet syrup. As a result, it leads to the destruction of inflorescences. To remove pests, it is necessary to spray the area where the plants grow with special repellents.
The best neighbors in a flower arrangement
Peony is undemanding to neighbors, however, it must be borne in mind that the bushes of the culture are large. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully select flowers in a flower bed.
Peonies will not develop normally next to plants that grow more than the bush itself. Therefore, it is necessary to select crops that have the same leaf texture as peonies, filling the space on the flower garden.
Plants can be used with peonies in the composition. They do not have common pests, therefore they do not affect each other's development. However, it is recommended not to plant at a close distance from each other, leaving room for loosening the soil.
Unlike peonies, the roots of irises are located in the upper layers of the soil, so these two varieties of crops can be planted on the site. In addition, externally, plants are combined in landscape design.
Peony and stonecrop have a similar structure of bush and foliage. Therefore, they can be planted in the same area as the main plants, however, a distance of at least 50 cm must be maintained between the bushes so that the bushes have the necessary space for development.
Peonies can be grown with other tall crop types that exceed shrubs.
The height of the culture is up to 2 meters, it can be grown on the site together with peonies and roses as an additional background for the composition.
The plant has strong, fleshy stems and can be grown in conjunction with peonies. The height of the bush is on average 150 cm. The culture blooms in the middle of summer. Therefore, it does not affect the development of peonies.
The plant can act as an addition to the appearance of the flower bed, the foxglove blooms at the end of August. Therefore, it does not affect the development of peony buds.
The peony is a decoration of the garden. Peony Red Grace is distinguished not only by its attractive appearance, but also by resistance to diseases. Despite the fact that the plant is odorless, the peony is a popular crop.