Tamarind

Tamarind



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Water needs of tamarind


Tamarind is a tree native to warm tropical climates, which belongs to the large Leguminosae family. It can reach truly impressive dimensions, as in its natural habitat it is not uncommon to find specimens up to 25-30 meters high, with maximum circumferences up to 7 meters, all combined with a great capacity for survival: in fact the life of a tamarind tree it can even reach 150 years. It likes tropical climates characterized by high temperatures but without excessive rainfall, as the tamarind fears water stagnation. The tamarind plant requires little attention from the point of view of watering: during the summer it is often more than enough rain to satisfy its water needs, only in case of proven and prolonged drought will it be necessary to intervene with adequate irrigation.

Cultivation



Initially the tamarind plant should be cultivated in a pot, controlling growth and following its development. When it has reached adequate dimensions, it is possible to insert the tamarind directly into the ground, taking care to respect certain characteristics. In fact, the tamarind requires and prefers well-worked soils, with a neutral pH, with a clay component, of a saline nature, paying particular attention to the drainage of the water, as this plant is potentially subject to root rot. The most consistent cultivation operation is the harvesting of the fruits of this tree, which must be performed only when the legume is completely and completely ripe, and it is worth remembering that a tamarind plant, in adulthood, can produce up to 200 kg of pulses in a year.

Plant fertilization



To ensure ideal conditions and recreate the best possible habitat for tamarind plants grown on Italian soil, it is advisable to carry out certain fertilizing and maintenance operations. At the beginning of the spring season it is good practice to distribute an adequate layer of mulch, about 10 cm high, all around the tamarind tree, with total coverage on each side and extending it by a good half meter beyond the widest points of the crown. This particular operation allows to recreate a kind of undergrowth, contributing to the maintenance of an adequate level of humidity and at the same time protecting the tamarind roots. As a specific supplement for this plant, it is recommended in the month of April to administer nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium based fertilizer, an operation to be repeated also in July.

Tamarind: Diseases of the plant



The tamarind plant is not subject to specific attacks by the main parasites of the plant world. It is also very resistant from the point of view of other types of diseases, mainly of fungal origin. The greatest dangers that these majestic plants can run are generally caused by incorrect maintenance operations by humans, being originating in areas that are very different from the climatic point of view with respect to the local conditions. Any inaccuracies in the care of tamarind can be transformed into a series of problems, of which one of the most feared is that of root rot: excessive irrigation of the plant, or an insufficiently drained soil, can cause serious damage to the development of tamarind , leading in the most serious cases to the lack of fruiting.