Garlic cultivation

Garlic cultivation

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Garlic cultivation: irrigation

In garlic cultivation the waterings must not be too abundant. In fact, garlic is a very resistant plant that tolerates even periods when water supply is limited. On the other hand, jolts and stagnations are very harmful, which can cause dangerous fungal diseases, ruining the bulb irreparably and, in the worst case, even harming the whole crop. With the garlic plants planted there will be no need to intervene except in extremely hot periods when the soil is completely dry and dry. The same applies to potted garlic. In this case, we can insert a finger into the ground to check, before proceeding with irrigation, if only the surface is dry, thus avoiding incorrect operations.

How to take care of garlic

Garlic is not grown starting from the seed but from the clove, just what we take from the common kitchen garlic. It would be advisable to prefer an organic garlic, easily available at the supermarket in the dedicated department or in specialized shops. This consideration is important because some chemical treatments in non-organic garlic can have the purpose of slowing the development of the shoots that we need instead for cultivation. We will therefore position our clove with the sprouted part upwards. We will cover with the earth and wait for the plant to develop. Following the moon phases this operation should be carried out with the waning moon. The ideal time to plant garlic is winter. We will take care to space the segments at least 15cm from each other and at least 30cm on the parallel rows.

Fertilization and soil

Garlic adapts to different types of soil. In cases where our garden is extremely arid it may be necessary to fertilize. The intervention must be done previously, to prevent the bulbs from coming into contact with the fertilizer still not absorbed by the soil. The use of normal mature manure is optimal for this type of cultivation. Alternatively, you can use a product purchased from specialized nurseries or gardening stores. The granular fertilizer can be fine to enrich the universal soil but it is not indispensable. During the development of the plant it is not necessary to add other types of fertilizer, allowing the garlic to grow naturally. The most important thing is that the soil ensures good drainage. In the jars it may be useful to use expanded clay to be placed on the bottom.

Exposure, climate, garlic diseases

Garlic bears well both short periods of drought and a more rigid climate than the average. It adapts, therefore, to all the latitudes of the Italian territory, being able to be cultivated successfully beyond the hill heights. Like all plants it benefits from the presence of direct sunlight for most of the day but it grows well in all areas of the garden as long as it is not placed in the shade. It can be attacked by fungal diseases that can also cause death. It is always advisable to avoid the use of chemicals, possibly resorting to natural remedies. The rottenness that we can notice very often derive from an excessive irrigation and correcting the practice the problem should be solved. It should be considered that the interesting part from the food point of view is the bulb and not the aerial part. Watering too abundant would make the aerial part grow at the expense of the bulb.