Coffee plant

Coffee plant

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How to water the coffee plant

The coffee plant, known in the Coffea Arabica variety, must be watered regularly. Watering must be generous but be careful of water stagnation: the best method is to place the pot under a jet of water, like the sink, and let all the excess go out before putting it back on its saucer. Between an irrigation and the other one must always pass the time necessary to slightly dry the soil so as not to risk creating stagnation at the bottom of the pot. The general rule is that it is better to water it less than it needs rather than excessively. The coffee plant prefers wet environments, therefore it is necessary to vaporize them from time to time on the foliage, in particular during the summer.

How to grow the coffee plant

To make the coffee plant healthy and strong it is necessary to proceed with repotting in the late spring period, starting in April and the ideal soil must always be mixed with a good fertilizer. When the time comes to repot, it is necessary to choose a pot suitable for its new dimensions but never too large: in fact, its roots love to remain rather compressed and giving it too much space can seriously compromise the plant's physiology. The preferred position is where the coffee plant can have maximum exposure to sunlight. It loves the heat very well and has good ventilation: if it lives in an environment with little air exchange it can develop diseases.

When to fertilize the coffee plant

The fertilization of the coffee plant depends on certain factors such as the stage of maturation and its state of health; it must occur during the warm seasons, spring and summer, every 20 days for the youngest specimens and once a week for the adult plants. The ideal fertilizer must contain some elements necessary for its nutrition such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, as well as mineral salts such as iron, copper and zinc. After proceeding with the repotting it is possible to proceed with pruning. In this case you can remove the leaves and the dry branches but also all the parts that are thought to be in excess. The coffee plant fears work tools that have not been thoroughly disinfected.

Coffee plant: Exposure to diseases and possible remedies

The coffee plant is very sensitive to temperature changes: when it is exposed to this risk it begins to lose its foliage. When it is watered excessively instead, the leaves tend to wither and also in this case to detach from the branches, without strength. Brown or yellow spots on the foliage surface may be due to pests such as cochineal or red spider mite: in each of these two cases it is important to act as soon as possible, meticulously cleaning the plant by exposing it to a jet of water and passing a cloth delicate on the upper and lower rhyme to eliminate pests and eggs. A useful home remedy to eliminate parasites and not aggressive towards the plant is the vaporization of water and neutral soap.