Tile coatings

Tile coatings

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Internal and external coatings: the characteristics of the materials

The floors for exteriors and interiors, although different in appearance, have some basic sections: in fact, they must be non-slip, waterproof and sturdy in order to withstand shocks, loads, stains and molds. Furthermore, outdoor flooring must be frostproof and must be able to withstand the action of atmospheric agents and at low and high temperatures. When choosing to pave terraces, balconies, patios and outdoor courtyards, it is better to use materials that harmonize with those in the interior. Furthermore, we need to think about the climatic conditions of the area where we live: for example, if the frosts are very frequent, you should opt for materials that resist very low temperatures. Alternatively, if rainfall is frequent, materials that do not absorb water must be used.

Coatings for porcelain stoneware tiles: the features

Tile coatings are ideal for both outdoor and indoor environments, as they allow a high flexural strength and a low degree of slip and visibility of the impressions. The tile coverings are mostly made of ceramic, and, among these, the best are in porcelain stoneware. The latter are characterized by the fact that they are frostproof and highly resistant to impact, abrasion, scratches and the action of chemical detergents. The choice of porcelain stoneware is also related to the type of finish. For example, the use of natural finish allows to create a non-polished and polished tile, so as to limit slipping in the presence of ice or rain. In the case of a bush-hammered finish, the tile has a rustic surface that ensures a good grip.

Coatings for terracotta tiles: characteristics of the material

Another material widely used for tile coverings is terracotta, especially for indoor and outdoor environments characterized by a rustic style. The choice of tiles, however, must be made according to the destination environment: in fact, if the tile coverings are for external use, the terracotta in which they are made must have a frost-proof guarantee: in this way, the material will be more resistant to atmospheric agents and thermal excursion. The terracotta tiles can be made in an industrial way or made by hand (so they are different from one another). With regard to the installation of coverings for terracotta tiles, it is necessary to avoid situations in which the temperature is close to zero or above 30 degrees. Moreover, always for the external coverings, one must pay attention to slopes in order to avoid stagnation under the floor.

Tile coatings: Coatings for concrete tiles: the features

Another material for tile coatings is concrete. It is a material obtained through a composite of cement and colored grits, and is generally reinforced with polypropylene fibers. Moreover, molding systems allow to obtain tiles that look like natural stones, bricks, rock or wood. Concrete tiles have the particularity of remaining unchanged over time, as they are not attacked by mold and are extremely resistant to wear and weathering. Furthermore, they are treated with resins that make them non-slip, dust-proof and prevent them from absorbing liquids. Concrete tile coverings are not subject to subsidence and settling, as is the case for floors made with natural stones. Finally, these coatings can be walked on as soon as a few hours after installation.